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San Diego is a coastal city located in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of California, approximately 120 miles south of Los Angeles and immediately adjacent to the international border with Mexico. With an estimated population of 1,394,928 as of July 1, 2019, San Diego is the eighth-largest city in the United States and second-largest in California. It is part of the San Diego–Tijuana conurbation, one of the most populous metropolitan areas on both sides of any land border in the world.

San Diego has been called “the birth place of California”. There are many precious gemstones mined from San Diego.The site for San Diego was first visited by Europeans on July 16, 1542 when a Spanish expedition led by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo charted San Diego Bay while seeking ports for ships sailing to Alaska in search of furs and spices. The presidio (military post) and mission (religious outpost) were founded later that year by Gaspar de Portolà; they were both named after Catholic saints—San Miguel Arcángel for the presidio and Nuestra Señora de la Asunción for the mission.

The city was founded on July 29, 1769, by Spanish settlers under Cruzate rule who came from nearby Loreto; they named it after their patron saint Vitória de Alva Barayazarra y Laredo Pedraza de Rivera y Moncada: Saint Didacus (Spanish: Santo Domingo). The first permanent European settlement in what is now California was established at San Ysidro on November 12, 1769. It was part of Las Californias province until 1822 when it became Alta California’s northernmost pueblo (town) during Mexican rule until 1848 when it was ceded to the United States as a result of victory during Mexican–American War and Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo that ended war which resulted Texas Annexation which caused Mexico City government great concern since they had lost significant territory.

San Diego has been called “the birthplace of California”. It was the first site visited by Europeans on what is now the West Coast of the United States. Upon landing in San Diego Bay in 1542, Juan Cabrillo claimed the area for Spain, forming the basis for the settlement of Alta California 200 years later. The Presidio and Mission San Diego de Alcalá, founded in 1769, formed the first European settlement in what is now California. In 1821, San Diego became part of Mexico following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War. It then became part of Julian Phelps Vance’s Rancho La Nación grant during Mexico’s secularization period between 1833 and 1836; however, all rancho land grants were voided after California was admitted to statehood as a free state in 1850. If you need a lawyer in San Diego.

The city was founded on July 16, 1769, by Spanish settlers under Gaspar de Portolà and Junípero Serra on a hill near their Presidio located at present-day Old Town San Diego State Historic Park. As the American occupation of Alta California continued (with no end date set), members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (better known as Mormons) sought refuge in upper Las Californias from religious persecution stemming from conflicts with neighboring states’ governments and vigilante mobs who disagreed with Mormon beliefs and practices. Brigham Young sent expeditions north from Salt Lake City into upper Las Californias beginning in May 1857; however these early Mormon pioneerns found no one living permanently northward beyond present-day southern Utah who was willing to trade goods or sell land for purchase.

In September 1857, Young organized another expedition consisting